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How to make a bow and arrow

how to make a bow and arrow
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Bow and arrow are ancient weapons for hunting and archery. In this modern era, many innovative bows replaced the old style of bows, but they couldn’t beat the old fashion. Still, old and simple bows are the preference of many people. Some people use them as a passion, and some know their characteristics, which today’s advanced bows cannot meet.

If you want to survive in the wilderness area, so it will help you a lot to live safely and properly. Or if you have the enthusiasm for hunting or archery, you can enjoy it. Old bows hunting also helps to spend your time in the best activity and to remain active. 

Without an arrow, a bow is incomplete. Bow and arrow make the 100% chance of catching target or animal. It’s not much difficult to make a simple bow and arrow. Here, we will take you through the making process, so you could know how to make a bow and arrow. Handmade bows and arrows are strong and help you in the long term. 

How to make Bows 

There are multiple types of bows and each has some specialty. Some longbows built for archery while some for hunting. Some bows specifically made for kids’ fun and some are simple that everyone can use easily. Here, we will discuss how to make bows with your available resources by following simple steps. 

Find the Wood Piece for Bow 

While finding raw wood for making a bow, we should consider some important things. 

The wood piece should be dry and dead but not cracked. For example, teak, lemon tree, oak, yew, and juniper wood are perfect for making a bow. 

The length of wood should be like which you could easily carry, but the normal length is up to 6 feet (1.8 meters). Wood also should be free of limbs, knots, and twists, etc. Besides that, wood is thicker from the center to remain very helpful in hunting. 

Selected Wood Piece should be Flexible 

Juniper and mulberry’s wood find more flexible than others. You can also use a cane or bamboo piece but make sure it shouldn’t be too thick. However, growing bamboo wood is stronger and more flexible than others. 


In the process of how to make bows, it is another point that is important. It’s better to avoid living wood because it doesn’t have the power as deadwood has. You can only use it when you have no other option. It will help you on time and in the small hunt but will not help you in the long run and the large hunting. 

Use the stick with Natural Curve 

Mostly wood pieces have a natural curve, find it out. It’s the main feature of any bow. To find this curve, by holding the stick from the top, place it on the ground. Then press from the sticks in mid from the other hand. You will see the back face out, which is the natural curve of the stick. 

Determine the Handhold and Limbs 

To give the right shape to the bow, you need to determine the handhold and limbs. Mark three inches above and below from the midpoint of the stick, the distance between these marks is the handhold point. And above point from the handhold is the upper limb while below is the lower limb. 

Give Right Shape to Bow 

Now place the bottom of the bow on your foot and put a hand on top of the bow. During this press, bow outside from mid by using other hands. You can find it from where the bow is flexible and where it is not. Now scratch out the spots with a knife or cutter. Bothe limbs must be flexible. Your bow should be strong at the point of handhold because this part has to bear much pressure. 

To hold bowstring, cut notches 

The next step in the “how to make a bow and arrow” is cutting notches. Cut the notches with a knife, which starts from curves towards the belly of the bow and goes to the handheld side. It should be between 1 to 2 inches on each side at the end of the bow. While cutting notches, remember that cuts should not be deep and on the backside. This can affect the strength of the bow. Cuts should be this much deep that a string easily places in it. 

Select the String for the Bow 

The string should be less stretchy as more power comes from wood not from a string. If it traps you in a secluded place so you should have multiple strings. 

Some material needed in this process are; 

  • rawhide 
  • fishing line 
  • thin nylon rope 
  • ordinary twine 
  • hemp cord 
  • silk from caterpillars or strands of cotton. 

Tie the string tightly at both ends with upper and lower strings. It will secure the knot from slipping. The length of the string should be less than the bow length. 

Check the bending of the bow 

Now hang the bow from the handhold site on a tree branch or something similar. Pull the string slowly downward and check if the limbs bend equally. If needed, then scratches from that unequal side. 

By following all the above steps of how to make bows, you can make a fine bow that can conveniently fulfill your needs. But because of your shortcomings and light material, you cannot successfully hunt. 

How to make Arrows 

Arrow construction second part of “how to make a bow and arrow“. The arrow is the most important and second tool that completes the bow. We can make an arrow out of any material, whether for survival or a simple hunter. A fine arrow can never disappoint you. All you just need to read and follow the instructions carefully.

Pick Right Stick for Arrow 

For picking the right stick, you need to consider the following main points; 

  • For an arrow, you need a straight wood-like of willow’s, maple, or dogwood. 
  • Wood should be dry, dead, and strong enough. 
  • The arrow should be half as long as your bow length. 

Give Shape to the Arrow 

If the wood is curved from any side, you can straight it on light fire. Little heat up the spot and slightly straight it, so it’s an important step for how to make arrows. Besides that, the stick also be smooth and not be scratched or burned. To set the bow-string perfectly, carve a small notch on the back of each arrow. 

Sharpen the Arrow points 

Arrowhead is the carved point in front of an arrow shaft. You can whittle that point with a cutter or knife. After that, you can hard it by gently heating it on coals. This time also you have to do it carefully that your arrow should not be a single scratch or burn. 

Make an arrowhead (Optional) 

It’s totally up to you whether or not you want to do this extra effort in the process of how to make arrows. But it protects your arrow. You can make it of stone, bone, wood, metal or from any such hard material. You can take the help of a hammer and a small rock to give it shape. It will save your arrows for the long term. 

Make Fletchings (also optional) 

In the last step of how to make a bow and arrow, we will discuss fletching. Fletching also helps in the arrow’s flight by increasing its speed. Although it’s unnecessary it also up to you whether or not you want it. Find some feathers and stick them with glue onto the ends of arrows. You can also tightly wrap some feathers at back with a thread. 

Fletching also helps the hunter to track the direction of the arrow. It also helps in the improvement of the speed of the arrow. However, if you are not using it for surviving purposes, you may not need to do this extra effort. 

How you can use Bow and Arrow for hunting 

As we see in movies that shooting with a bow and arrow is a smooth task. But it is not much easy as we see. It takes some effort to use a bow and arrow for hunting perfectly. 

Let’s look at some main aspects that need to make hunting perfect. 

Step 1: Hold the bow under the arm from the middle of the bow. 

Step 2: Then make a grip with thumb and put a middle finger in each of the paper feathers. 

Step 3: Pull the arrow back against the string how much it can and left the arrow to fly. 

Step 4: It will fastly and easily shoot at the target. In this way, you can make your shoot successful. 

Step 5: Do some practice to become a perfect hunter.


In this article, we provided you with the answer to how to make a bow and arrow? We discussed the Handmade bow and arrow-making process conveniently and step-by-step. You can make the perfect bow and arrow with your available resources and by following the given instructions. Handmade bows make your hunting long term and perfect. It also helps you out with any issue or damage of any part, you can make another. Besides the hand-making process, you can also get to know how to hold a bow and arrow and how to draw a bow and arrow in the following articles. Now, you can succeed in your hunting dream with old fashion.